From the Enclaves Foundation, as part of its program of research and development, a market study has been conducted in order to identify the causes that hinder socio-economic development in the Euro-Mediterranean area. During this process several countries have been visited, such as Jordan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Malta, Italy, France, Spain and Portugal. Multiple public and private institutions have been contacted. We have attended to conferences hosted by international organizations such as the Union for the Mediterranean and the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations and also conducted constant monitoring of the Neighbourhood Policy of the European Union.
As a result of this research has been identified that in Europe, the so-called area of freedom, security and justice has been a key initiative in the adaptation of the Union to face the challenges of a globalized society. In turn, the absence of an initiative of this kind, in the countries of the Neighbourhood Area, has made it difficult to become adapted to these challenges. This and other shortcomings have generated as a result that the unemployment figures reach a record 100 million people in the population of 18-35 years old.
The response of the people was the so-called Arab Spring, which spread unevenly throughout North Africa and the Middle East. Among its consequences, positives and negatives, highlights an unprecedented wave of migration towards Europe, as the only means to scape from poverty. This has caused a crisis in Europe, resulting in the Summit on Migration held in Valletta last 11-12 November, 2015 with the assistance of the Heads of State and Government of the European and the African Unions.
As a result of it an Action Plan has been designed, an Emergency Trust Fund provided and the Neighbourhood Policy of the EU reviewed. The possibility to submit projects in 4 specific objectives has been opened, like support improvements in overall governance, in particular by promoting conflict prevention and enforcing the rule of law through capacity building in support of security and development as well as law enforcement.
In this context, the Enclaves Foundation proposes improving overall governance through a project that promotes, in parallel, the capabilities of both public and private sector in the field of security and that, transversely, supports the development. The project proposes:
The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union has established that CEPOL, the European Agency for Law Enforcement Training shall support, develop, implement and coordinate the training of officials responsible for law enforcement. More specifically, shall support the development of regional and bilateral cooperation through law enforcement training between Member States, Union bodies and third countries. Train trainers and assist in improving and exchanging best learning practices.
The Enclaves Foundation will apply for CEPOL to support the project development, implementation and coordination. In turn it is gathering an international consortium formed by a selection of institutions to support the project in its different phases. It is proposing to conduct an initial pilot experience in countries in the border area of the EU and its neighborhood area. In a second phase the project outcomes would be extended to other territories of both Unions, the European and the African.